Malaria Drug Accelerator (MalDA)

The Malaria Drug Accelerator (MalDA) is a collaboration of 15 scientific laboratories funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates foundation to advance the development of new antimalarial drugs.

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Who are we?

The MALDA Consortium is an innovative target-guided discovery platform linking phenotypic hits to function for malaria. MALDA offers a new research paradigm that compliments the existing ways malaria drugs are discovered: A virtual pharmaceutical company.

How do we work together?

The MALDA Consortium is a collaboration between fifteen international groups, funded by BMGF.

State-of-the-art
Plasmodium-adapted
technology platforms






In vitro selections
    State-of-Art Bioinformatics
    chemoinformatics / SAR / cryoEM
Conditional knockdown studies
     Essentiality assays
CRISPR-Cas9 reverse engineering
     Bar coded cell lines
     Overexpression lines
Metabolomics/Lipidomics/RNA-seq
     Macromolecule biosynthesis inhibitor assays
In vivo resistance evaluation

In vitro selections

  1. Clone by limiting dilution
  2. Select in triplicate
  3. Clone again
  4. Whole Genome Sequencing
  5. Compare genomes

External data
ChEMBL deposition data
Sequencing deposition data
Protocols

MalDA Publications

  1. Murithi, JM, Deni, I, Pasaje, CFA, Okombo, J, Bridgford, JL, Gnädig, NF et al.. The Plasmodium falciparum ABC transporter ABCI3 confers parasite strain-dependent pleiotropic antimalarial drug resistance. Cell Chem Biol. 2021; :. doi: 10.1016/j.chembiol.2021.06.006. PubMed PMID:34233174 .
  2. Palmer, MJ, Deng, X, Watts, S, Krilov, G, Gerasyuto, A, Kokkonda, S et al.. Potent Antimalarials with Development Potential Identified by Structure-Guided Computational Optimization of a Pyrrole-Based Dihydroorotate Dehydrogenase Inhibitor Series. J Med Chem. 2021;64 (9):6085-6136. doi: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.1c00173. PubMed PMID:33876936 PubMed Central PMC8171248.
  3. Rocamora, F, Gupta, P, Istvan, ES, Luth, MR, Carpenter, EF, Kümpornsin, K et al.. PfMFR3: A Multidrug-Resistant Modulator in Plasmodium falciparum. ACS Infect Dis. 2021;7 (4):811-825. doi: 10.1021/acsinfecdis.0c00676. PubMed PMID:33715347 PubMed Central PMC8042660.
  4. Yang, T, Ottilie, S, Istvan, ES, Godinez-Macias, KP, Lukens, AK, Baragaña, B et al.. MalDA, Accelerating Malaria Drug Discovery. Trends Parasitol. 2021;37 (6):493-507. doi: 10.1016/j.pt.2021.01.009. PubMed PMID:33648890 PubMed Central PMC8261838.
  5. Lawong, A, Gahalawat, S, Okombo, J, Striepen, J, Yeo, T, Mok, S et al.. Novel Antimalarial Tetrazoles and Amides Active against the Hemoglobin Degradation Pathway in Plasmodium falciparum. J Med Chem. 2021;64 (5):2739-2761. doi: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.0c02022. PubMed PMID:33620219 PubMed Central PMC7997635.
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MalDA selections

  • 200+ compounds under investigation
  • 400+ resistant clones generated for 58 compounds, and whole genome sequenced
  • 1300+ single nucleotide variants, 700+ indels, and 160+ copy number variants observed
  • At least 23 potential drug targets and 14 potential resistance genes identified or re-discovered using this method

Targets

  • PFK9
  • RFC4
  • ARK1
  • ATP4
  • KRS
  • cyto-IRS
  • FTB
  • PIP5K
  • ACS11
  • APP
  • DHFR-TS
  • PI4K
  • ATPase2
  • FP2A
  • NCR1
  • cPheRS
  • DHODH
  • RRB1
  • DPAP1
  • PRS

Resistance Genes

  • MFR3
  • ABCI3
  • CARL
  • MDR1
  • AAT1
  • CRT
  • PARE
  • YHM2
  • NEK1
  • MRP2
  • TKL3
  • CAF16
  • SulP
  • PF3D7_0909700

Compounds under consideration

  • 2,7-dibromo
    Cryptolepine hydrochloride (analog)
  • ACT-451840
  • Altiratinib
  • Anacetrapib
  • artemether
  • Atovaquone
  • AZ412
  • BI-1230
  • BI-1388
  • BI-2536
  • BRD1095
  • BRD3444
  • Brefeldin A
  • CEP-37440
  • cladosporin
  • Clofazimine
  • Cryptolepine hydrochloride
  • DDD01025389
  • DDD01057375
  • DDD01061024
  • DDD01250400
  • DDD01254473
  • DDD01298810
  • Decoquinate
  • Desoxyepothilone B
  • DSM265
  • ELQ300
  • GNF-Pf-1618
  • GNF-Pf-2740
  • GNF-Pf-2775
  • GNF-Pf-3582
  • GNF-Pf-3600
  • GNF-Pf-3703
  • GNF-Pf-4216
  • GNF-Pf-4283
  • GNF-Pf-445
  • GNF-Pf-4492
  • GNF-Pf-4577
  • GNF-Pf-5129
  • GNF-pf-5310
  • GNF-Pf-5349
  • GNF-Pf-5458
  • GNF-Pf-5611
  • GNF-Pf-5648
  • GNF-pf-5660
  • GNF-Pf-5666
  • GNF-pf-5668
  • GNF-Pf-5675
  • GNF179
  • GNF452
  • GNF707
  • indolmycin
  • Ivermectin
  • KAE609
  • KAF156
  • KAI407
  • KDU691
  • Lomitapide
  • lopinavir
  • Mefloquine
  • milciclib maleate
  • MMV000248
  • MMV000442
  • MMV000478
  • MMV000570
  • MMV000787
  • MMV006169
  • MMV006172
  • MMV006357
  • MMV006455
  • MMV006767
  • MMV006833
  • MMV006901
  • MMV006962
  • MMV007181
  • MMV007224
  • MMV007564
  • MMV008149
  • MMV009063
  • MMV009108
  • MMV010545
  • MMV011438
  • MMV011772
  • MMV011895
  • MMV011903
  • MMV019017
  • MMV019066
  • MMV019189
  • MMV019313
  • MMV019555
  • MMV019662
  • MMV019719
  • MMV019721
  • MMV019881
  • MMV019993
  • MMV020623
  • MMV020746
  • MMV020750
  • MMV021735
  • MMV022224
  • MMV022478
  • MMV023367
  • MMV023388
  • MMV023949
  • MMV023985
  • MMV024038
  • MMV024114
  • MMV024406
  • MMV026596
  • MMV027496
  • MMV027634
  • MMV028038
  • MMV028895
  • MMV029272
  • MMV030084
  • MMV030666
  • MMV032967
  • MMV064286
  • MMV084864
  • MMV084978
  • MMV085071
  • MMV085203
  • MMV1007245
  • MMV1010248
  • MMV1029508
  • MMV1030932
  • MMV1042937
  • MMV1044457
  • MMV1068987
  • MMV1079594
  • MMV1088520
  • MMV1091186
  • MMV1094822
  • MMV1147256
  • MMV1214532
  • MMV1223789
  • MMV1271410
  • MMV1291222
  • MMV1312865
  • MMV1317269
  • MMV1319550
  • MMV1371622
  • MMV1385304
  • MMV1394623
  • MMV1421890
  • MMV1425891
  • MMV1427995
  • MMV1430193
  • MMV1431916
  • MMV1432165
  • MMV1432711
  • MMV1449124
  • MMV1451822
  • MMV1454442
  • MMV1458543
  • MMV1468363
  • MMV1490397
  • MMV1490405
  • MMV1490583
  • MMV1501496
  • MMV1528403
  • MMV1531441
  • MMV396736
  • MMV396797
  • MMV407834
  • MMV665785
  • MMV665789
  • MMV665794
  • MMV665824
  • MMV665852
  • MMV665882
  • MMV665888
  • MMV665924
  • MMV665928
  • MMV665939
  • MMV665941
  • MMV665943
  • MMV665971
  • MMV666080
  • MMV666687
  • MMV667491
  • MMV668311
  • MMV668399
  • MMV673482
  • MMV673964
  • MMV675939
  • MMV676380
  • MMV676881
  • Naphthoquine
  • Neu-1029
  • NEU-1931
  • NEU-4995
  • NITD678
  • OSM-S-106
  • Pentamidine isothionate
  • pepstatin butyl ester
  • Piperaquine
  • primaquine
  • Puromycin
  • Sapanisertib
  • SQ109
  • Suloctidil
  • TCMDC-124553
  • TCMDC-135051
  • TCMDC-135395
  • Tryptanthrin
  • Velpatasvir
  • Verapamil
  • ZSTK-474
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    Message us for inquiries regarding the MalDA project: saottilie@ucsd.edu

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